Accounting for Proprietorship

    Proprietorship Return Filing

    Proprietorship firms file the Proprietor income tax return just like the LLPs and the Companies registered in India. In the legal sense, the proprietorship and the proprietor are considered to be one. Hence, the income tax return filing of the proprietor and the proprietorship are the same.
    As a sole proprietorship is not taxed as a different legal entity, the business owners file their business taxes like their individual returns. Like any other individual taxpayer, a proprietorship firm is also entitled to a proprietorship tax deduction as per the prevailing Income tax rules and depending on the slab rates applicable to his income.
    Whereas the income tax rates for the registered companies are assessed on flat rates.
    As the proprietorship firms are small and independent businesses owned by a single person. These unregistered businesses are one of the easiest to manage.

    Income Tax Slab Rate

    A new tax regime has been announced where the individuals can pay taxes as per the new slabs subject to certain conditions from FY2020-2021 onwards.
    Income rangeRate of tax
    7,50,001- 10,00,00015%
    12,50,000- 15,00,00025%
    Above 15,00,00030%

    Tax slab rates for sole proprietorship income tax return filing wherein the proprietor’s age is above 60 years but less than 80 years at any time during the previous year.
    Income SlabIncome Tax Rate
    Up to Rs. 3,00,000NIL
    Rs.3,00,000 to 5,00,0005% of the total income above Rs.3,00,000
    5% of the total income above Rs.3,00,000Rs. 10,000+20 % of the total income above Rs.5,00,000
    Above Rs. 10,00,000Rs. 1,10,000+30% of the total income above Rs. 10,00,0000

    Tax slabs for proprietorship firms where the age of the proprietor is above 80 years
    Income SlabIncome Tax Rate
    Income Tax RateNIL
    Rs. 5,00,000 to 10,00,00020% of the total income above Rs.5,00,000
    Above Rs.10,00,000Rs.1,00,000 +30% of the total income above Rs.10,00,000

    Tax slab for sole proprietorship firms where the proprietor is a non-resident individual ( Irrespective of the proprietor’s age).
    Income SlabIncome Tax Rate
    Up to Rs. 2,50,000NIL
    Rs. 2,50,000 to 5,00,0005% of the total income above 2,50,000
    Rs. 5,00,000 to 10,000,000Rs.12,500 + 20% of the total income above Rs. 5,00,000
    Above Rs. 10,00,000Rs. 1,12, 500 + 30 of the total income above Rs. 10,00,000

    A surcharge is payable over and above the income tax calculated as per the income tax rate provided above.
    Income slabSurcharge Rates
    Total Income above Rs. 50 Lakh but then Rs. 1 crore10% of the income tax
    Total Income above Rs. 1 crore15% of the income tax

    How to file Income tax returns for proprietorship firms?

    Proprietorship tax returns are to be filed every year unless there is an exemption. As mentioned before, the proprietor and the proprietorship firms are considered as one single person. Two forms are to be filed depending on the nature of the proprietorship.

    • Form ITR-3

      This form should be used to file Income tax if the proprietorship firm is run by a Hindu Undivided Family (HUF) or by any proprietor.

    • Form ITR-4

      The proprietorship firm uses this form for proprietorship tax filing under a presumptive tax scheme. This is done to reduce the burden of compliance of small businesses.

    The business income of the person has been added to the payment of the proprietor himself. This way, the business taxes become the personal taxes of the proprietor. The proprietor is still entitled to all tax deductions offered to individuals or Hindu Undivided Family.

    Is it necessary for Proprietorship Firms to File Income Tax Return?

    Under the Income Tax Act, all proprietors below the age of 60 are required to file an Income tax return if the total income is more than Rs. 3 Lakhs.
    In the case of proprietors over the age of 60 years are required to file income, but below 80 years, then income tax filing is mandatory if the total income exceeds Rs. Three lakhs.
    Proprietors over the age of 80 years and above must file the proprietorship tax returns if the income exceeds Rs. 5 lakhs.
    If the proprietor files an income tax return before the deadline, losses, if any, in the business would be allowed to be carried forward. The deduction under sections 10A, 10B, 80-IA, 80-IAB, 80-IB, and 80-IC cannot be permitted unless the proprietorship income tax return has been filed on or before the due date.

    Due date of filing of an income tax return for sole proprietorship firm

    Particulars Due date
    Income tax return filing wherein the audit is not necessary 31st July
    Income tax return filing wherein the audit is necessary 31st October

    Presumptive Taxation scheme

    A presumptive taxation scheme is a provision within the Income Tax At that provides relief to the small taxpayers. The Government of India aimed at allowing the small businesses to carry on the trade without being burdened by the excessive compliance-related requirements.
    Entities enrolled under the presumptive taxation scheme can compute income on an estimated basis under Section 44AD. The presumptive taxation scheme allows the taxpayers to pay tax at a minimum rate. Also, the entities enrolled under the scheme need not maintain books of accounts. A presumptive taxation scheme is an effective medium that taxpayers can use to reduce the compliance-related burden.